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For experimental studies with client-owned animals, authors should also document the client`s or owner`s consent and adherence to a high standard (best practice) of veterinary care. In addition, only one of the sixteen emergency physicians rightfully pointed out that physicians who intervene in an emergency without the consent of a substitute decision-maker are legally required to document the circumstances. The overall percentage of physicians surveyed who answered the question correctly was low (32.12%). For all studies involving human participants, the informed consent of the participants (or their parents or guardians in the case of children under 16 years of age) to participate in the study must be obtained and a statement to this effect must be included in the manuscript. For manuscripts reporting on studies involving vulnerable groups (e.g., unconscious patients) where there is a risk of coercion (e.g., prisoners) or where consent may not have been fully informed, the manuscripts will be reviewed at the discretion of the publisher and may be referred to an internal editorial monitoring group for further review. Consent must be obtained for all forms of personal data, including biomedical, clinical and biometric data. In the case of articles describing human transplantation studies, authors should include a statement that no organs/tissues were obtained from prisoners, and should also name the clinical institution(s)/department(s) through which the organs/tissues were obtained. Upon request, written proof of consent must be submitted. We noticed a significant discrepancy between our results and other studies cited above, particularly in Spain and Australia. We believe that this is due to several circumstances, including relatively new Romanian medical legislation, a large number of laws and the social and political context. Our study shows that physicians do not have sufficient knowledge of consent and privacy laws.

Compared to other studies of physicians` knowledge of various aspects of the law, the overall score of our respondents was slightly lower [11]. The privacy score of 1.53 out of 3 is the same as karasneh (7 out of 14), but is lower than that of Beltran Aroca (6.8 out of 10) and Tegegne (3.91 out of 7) [8, 12, 13]. In terms of demographics and regulatory compliance, there was no statistically significant difference between physicians who admitted to violating the law and those who did not. In a cross-sectional study, treating physicians` legal knowledge of consent and confidentiality regulations was assessed. The study was conducted in nine hospitals in Dolj County, Romania. The doctors were given a questionnaire with ten scenarios and were asked to choose the answer that best reflected their practice. We evaluated the responses of physicians who stated that their practice was completely legal. Their legal knowledge was assessed by comparing their responses with applicable laws.

We also calculated a score for doctors who admitted to violating the law. Nanu A, GD, Voicu V, Ioan B. Locul şi relevanţa prevederilor legale în contextul practicii medicale din România. Revista Română de Bioetică. 2011;9(4):11. Learning the legal system doesn`t have to be intimidating. CLS by BARBRI is the leading legal education company that offers the power of legal learning to everyone, regardless of your level of education or career goals. We are committed to providing all our students with appropriate continuing education. CLS graduates open doors to rewarding career advancement, professional growth, increased earning potential and willingness to work. CLS by BARBRI courses provide legal knowledge applicable to a variety of industries. It`s our way of putting your career preparation and career advancement at the center of what we do.

Willmott L, White B, Parker M, Cartwright C. The Legal Role of Health Professionals in Decisions to Withhold or Withdraw Life-Sustaining Treatments: Part 3 (Victoria).