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As described above, for women and girls abducted for forced marriage, their first encounter with their future husband is marked by violence and psychological trauma. Physical and psychological violence often continues in marriage. Experts who work with victims of domestic violence have observed that this is especially common in marriages that begin with abductions.454 An intern at the NGO Diamond noted that when a man uses violence to get a woman, it is a signal that he will use violence in the future. 455 In some cases, the woman`s biological family enters into an agreement with the kidnappers out of interest in her own social position. Aisulu A., for example, was prevented by her captors from summoning her mother during the initial period of the abduction, only to find that my mother and mother-in-law had subsequently agreed to the marriage. 433 The parents of the abducted woman or daughter sometimes receive money from the groom`s parents in the form of a calym, a bride`s prize, to compensate for the damage caused.434 Such agreements disregard the safety and happiness of the abducted woman and deprive her of any decision-making power. Bridal abductions (hence the portmanteau bridal flight[2]) have been practiced all over the world and throughout prehistory and history, among peoples as diverse as the Hmong in Southeast Asia, the Tzel Valley in Mexico and the Roma in Europe. Bridal abductions still take place in different parts of the world, but most often in the Caucasus and Central Asia. [3] «The problem of early marriage in Kyrgyzstan is very acute,» says Byubyusara Ryskulova, a psychologist and director of «Sezim» («Trust» in Kyrgyzstan), the country`s first crisis centre, founded 25 years ago to protect the rights of women and girls in difficult situations and provide them with temporary shelter, as well as legal and psychological support. «The legal age of marriage is 18 and the abduction of girls is criminalized. Unfortunately, these laws are not always respected.

Instead of an official wedding, people often hold a religious ceremony in a mosque called `Nikah`. CEDAW expressed concern at the persistence of abduction and polygyny of brides in Kyrgyzstan despite laws against such practices. The Committee recommends that the State party take immediate measures to enforce its laws punishing such practices. The Committee also recommends that the State party take comprehensive and effective measures, including training of judges and law enforcement officials and public awareness campaigns, to prevent such practices. 468 The two killings sparked protests across the country and in their hometowns, some of the largest rallies against bride abductions seen in Kyrgyzstan since visible public opposition began in the 1990s. The 2004 study from American University-Central Asia states that abductions due to forced marriage have not only increased since Kyrgyzstan`s independence from the Soviet Union in 1991, but have steadily increased over the past 40 to 50 years.337 Researchers say that marriage abductions were rare before the Soviet era.338 Their study distinguishes between consensual and non-consensual abductions. It points out that consensual abductions and non-consensual abductions have increased, and shows the increase in non-consensual abductions with shocking statistics in a village (exact location unknown): 63% of married women and girls aged 16 to 25 had been abducted without their consent, compared to 47% of married women aged 36 to 56. and only 27% of married women aged 76 or older. 339 Looking at all age groups, the study found that 80% of Kyrgyz marriages in the village were the result of abductions. The authors classified 57 percent of them as non-consensual,340 and concluded that a total of 35-45 percent of married kyrgyz women are married against their will as a result of bridal abduction341 (the study refers only to women and girls of Kyrgyz origin, as abductions for forced marriage are rare among other ethnic groups in Kyrgyzstan).

The abduction of a woman is a violent expression of the dominant position of men in Kyrgyz society. Some men consider themselves entitled to the women they have chosen to marry, regardless of the women`s wishes. Lori Handrahan argues that for men, abduction is an act of violence and domination of women and an act that defines cultural identity and masculinity. Handrahan says that abductions reinforce male hegemony, that is, the domination of women.359 Many young women and girls learn from their families not to leave their captors at home if they are abducted.